Culpeper microscope, London, England, 1738
Edward Culpeper (1670-1737), a mathematical instrument maker based in London, developed this type of microscope between 1725 and 1730. The microscope had a tripod stand and also featured a concave mirror at the base instead of a flat mirror. This allowed light to be reflected and concentrated di-rectly on to the object being studied. The Culpeper microscope was so popular that it was made by almost every instrument maker. George Adams (1709-1772) was a mathematical, philosophical and optical instrument maker and lecturer based in London and he produced work of the highest quality.
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Instrument that provides a magnified view of an object being studied usually by optical means. Electrons, X-rays and ultra-violet light can be used instead of visible light
The use of microscopes to study objects or samples. The three major types of microscopy are optical, electron and scanning probe microscopy.